On 15 May, Russia reinforced its commitment to the protection of personal data by ratifying the 'Convention for the protection of individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data' (Convention 108), the Council of Europe announced.
Thorbjørn Jagland, Council of Europe Secretary General, received Russia´s accession from Alexander Alekseev, the Permanent Representative and Ambassador of the Russian Federation to the Council.
The Convention, which is the only legally binding international instrument in its field, is open to any country and has the potential to become a global standard. Besides, it provides legal certainty and predictability in international relations.
Concretely, Convention 108 ensures individuals' personal data protection and prevents abuses which can affect this information.
Despite it beeing created in 1981 and technology having evolved considerably since then, its provisions are fully valid today, due to its technologically neutral style. However, it is being updated in order to ensure that its principles are valid for new tools and practices.
Among its principles, the Convention 180 establishes that individuals have the right to have access, rectify or erase their data when the information is not required for a specific purpose. In addition, another protocol says that each party must establish an independent authority to ensure compliance with data protection principles.
Russia's treaty will enter into force on 1 September, and then, the country will become the 46th state to be part of the convention.